The primary objective is to provide an introduction to formal elicitation methods to support a range of HCDM processes, across a range of settings.  This emerging good practice guidance will fill a gap in guidance on the use of expert elicitation in a wide range of decision and modelling contexts.


The evidence used to establish cost-effectiveness and inform healthcare decision making (HCDM) is typically uncertain. With a less developed (and often a limited) evidence-base, judgments based on consultation with individuals who have expertise on the subject matter, can be vital. However, in the absence of definitive evidence, experts are likely to be uncertain about their beliefs. A process to capture their beliefs should reflect this. To improve accountability and consistency within HCDM processes, it is desirable that these judgments are made explicit, using a formal and structured process. There is a lack of both clear guidance and empirical studies comparing methods.


Laura Bojke, PhD, BSc

Professor, University of York
York, YOR, United Kingdom

Abigail Colson

Senior Lecturer, University of Strathclyde
Glasgow, United Kingdom

Maarten IJzerman, MSc, PhD

Dean and Professor Cancer Health Services Research, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management
Rotterdam, Netherlands

Marta Soares, MSc

Senior Research Fellow, University of York
York, YOR, Great Britain

Leadership Group

Jenna Felli

Assoc. VP Toxicology, Eli Lilly & Company
Indianapolis, IN, United States

Ulises Garay, MSc, BEc

Access Evidence Lead, Roche Diagnostics
Luzern, LU, Switzerland

Salah Ghabri, PhD, MD

Senior Scientific Referent in Health Economics, Department of Medical Evaluation, French National Authority for Health (HAS)
Paris, 75, France

Karen Lee, BA, MA

Director, Health Economics, CADTH
Ottawa, ON, Canada

Oswaldo Morales Napoles

Associate Professor of Probabilistic Design, Delft University of Technology
Delfgauw, ZH, Netherlands

Alexander David Morton, MSc, PhD, BSc

Professor / Head of Management Science, University of Strathclyde
Paisley, RFW, United Kingdom

Victoria Shaffer

Professor, Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri
Columbia, MO, United States
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