Treatment Patterns and Health Resource Utilization in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Failure of Sorafenib in Real-World Setting in Taiwan



This study aimed to characterize current treatment patterns and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) observed among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after the failure of sorafenib in real-world setting in Taiwan.


A chart review was conducted in 130 patients; the inclusion criteria were patients with HCC who were aged 20 years or older and had received systemic therapy or best supportive care after failure of first-line systemic treatment with sorafenib between 2016 and 2018. Anonymized data on patient characteristics, treatment pathways, and survival were abstracted.


The mean age of patients was 61.7 years (range 27-84); of these 130 patients, 103 (79%) were male, 81 (62%) had high alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels (≥400 ng/mL), and 96 (78.0%) were deceased at the time of data abstraction. After sorafenib therapy, 60 patients (46%) received systemic therapy, including nivolumab monotherapy (42%) and chemotherapy (25%). Oncologist visits at a semiannual per-patient rate of 3.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] 3.4-4.0) and hospitalizations at rate of 1.1 (95% CI 1.0-1.3) were the key contributors to HRU. Semiannual per-patient hospitalization rate was 1.3 (95% CI 1.1-1.5) in the high-AFP group. Median survival from discontinuation of sorafenib was 6.9 months (95% CI 5.9-9.0).


This real-world evidence research on treatment patterns reflected substantial HRU consistent with the severity of HCC, particularly in the high-AFP group. Findings highlighted continuing high mortality in HCC, underlying a need for new treatments that can lengthen survival. Results can inform future evaluations of new HCC treatments that estimate the health economic impact of their adoption in Taiwan.


Diego Novick Narayan Rajan Alice Wei Rebecca Cheng Agota Szende Rebecca Baik Sam Colman

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