Major depressive disorder (MDD) is increasing worldwide and is associated with impaired quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to assess the QOL and its association with cognitive symptoms in patients with MDD who started antidepressant monotherapy.
Data from the PERFORM (Prospective Epidemiological Research on Functioning Outcomes Related to Major Depressive Disorder) study were analyzed. A descriptive epidemiological analysis on EQ-5D-5L utility score, the level of each dimension, and the EuroQoL visual analog scale value was conducted at 4 visits during 6 months’ follow-up. The association between cognitive complaints and changes in QOL measures was analyzed using multivariate linear regression analysis.
The median EQ-5D-5L utility score improved from 0.67 at baseline to 0.82 at month 6. Although the proportion of patients reporting level 1 (no problem) in every dimension of mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression increased over time, less than half of the patients achieved level 1 in pain/discomfort and depression/anxiety, which were closely related to depression and usual activities at month 6. Patients with no cognitive complaints or no history of MDD at baseline showed greater improvement in EQ-5D-5L utility scores and EuroQoL visual analog scale value for measuring QOL than those with these characteristics.
Treatment over 6 months improved QOL in patients with MDD although there remained room for improvement in dimensions of usual activities, pain/discomfort, and depression/anxiety. Cognitive complaints or history of MDD at baseline predicted less improvement in QOL at 6 months. Any history of MDD might delay improvement in QOL after treatment.
Shinichi Noto Mayumi Wake Izumi Mishiro Lene Hammer-Helmich Hongye Ren Yoshiya Moriguchi Keita Fujikawa Jovelle Fernandez