A Validation Study of the EQ-5D-5L and ICEpop Capability Measure for Older People Among Older Individuals With Depressive Symptoms in Brazil



This study aimed to assess the known-groups validity of the EQ-5D-5L and the ICEpop Capability Measure for Older People (ICECAP-O), 2 outcome measures used in economic evaluation, among older adults with depressive symptoms in socioeconomically deprived areas of Brazil. We also explored the role of education and income on responses to these measures.


This cross-sectional study used baseline data from PROACTIVE, a cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate a psychosocial intervention for late-life depression among older adults. Participants aged ≥60 years with a 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire score ≥10 were recruited from 20 primary healthcare clinics. Ordered logistic regression models assessed the association between depressive symptoms severity, income, and education and dimension-level responses on the EQ-5D-5L and ICECAP-O. Multivariable regression models investigated the ability of EQ-5D-5L and ICECAP-O scores to discriminate between depressive symptoms severity levels and other characteristics, including education level and household income.


A total of 715 participants were included in the study. Depressive symptoms severity was associated with all EQ-5D-5L and ICECAP-O dimensions, except the ICECAP-O enjoyment attribute. In contrast, household income was only associated with the ICECAP-O security attribute. Higher severity of depressive symptoms (9-item Patient Health Questionnaire scores) was also strongly associated with lower (ie, worse) scores on both measures in all models. Education level and household income showed no association with either EQ-5D-5L or ICECAP-O scores.


To best of our knowledge, this is the first study that investigated the validity of these 2 measures among older adults in Brazil. Both EQ-5D-5L and ICECAP-O showed evidence of validity in differentiating depressive symptom severity.


Carina A. Nakamura Paul M. Mitchell Tim J. Peters Darío Moreno-Agostino Ricardo Araya Marcia Scazufca William Hollingworth

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