A Contingent Valuation Study for Eliciting a Monetary Value of a Quality-Adjusted Life-Year in the General Greek Population [Editor's Choice]



To elicit a willingness-to-pay (WTP) per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) estimate for the general Greek population and assess the impact of individuals' socio-demographic characteristics and motives on this estimate.


A telephone-based survey was carried out employing a representative sample of the general Greek population (n = 1342). A computer-assisted telephone-interview method was adopted to ensure random sampling. A total of 528 participants reported a WTP value for a utility improvement from their current health to perfect health. Those individuals’ motives were assessed through predefined statements. Test–retest reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Multiple linear regression (MLR) and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were conducted to assess the effect of socioeconomic/demographic determinants and motive statements, respectively, on WTP/QALY. MLR was re-estimated considering as dependent variable the WTP/QALY estimate calculated for participants: (1) stating a WTP value ≤ their household income and (2) presenting higher certainty regarding stated WTP value (sensitivity analysis).


Analysis revealed good reliability for WTP/QALY estimates and motive statements (ICC values > 0.8). Mean WTP/QALY was €26 280. The respective 5% trimmed value was €14 862. Being a student and household income affected WTP/QALY. Sensitivity analysis did not produce markedly different WTP/QALY predictors, implying the robustness of results, irrespective of the participant group considered. Individuals who indicated the inability to cover basic family needs or pay tax claims as motives reported lower WTP/QALY values compared with those not viewing these aspects as motives.


Findings confirm that the World Health Organization’s criterion used currently in Greek cost-effectiveness studies is not unreasonable. Additional research is essential to further explore WTP/QALY estimates in the Greek setting and facilitate informed decision making.


Afentoula Mavrodi Vassilis Aletras

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