Cost-Effectiveness of a Technology-Enhanced Diabetes Care Management Program in Mexico



The prevalence of diabetes has increased substantially in Mexico over the last 40 years, leading to significant impacts on population health and the healthcare system. Technology-based solutions may improve diabetes outcomes in areas where lack of efficient transportation creates barriers to care.


To estimate the lifetime cost-effectiveness of a technology-based diabetes care management program from the perspective of the Mexican healthcare system.


Clinical outcomes and cost data from a 3-arm randomized clinical trial of Dulce Wireless Tijuana, a diabetes care management program incorporating short-term mobile technology, were used as inputs in a validated simulation model for type 2 diabetes. Study arms included a control group (CG), Project Dulce diabetes care management (PD), and Project Dulce with technology enhancement (PD-TE).


Intervention costs were $1448 for PD and $1740 for PD-TE compared with $740 for CG. Both intervention arms increased quality-adjusted life-years and costs. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for PD was $1635 and for PD-TE was $2220, both compared with CG. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for PD-TE versus PD was $4299. The results were sensitive to the time horizon. The PE and PD-TE interventions were cost-effective under time horizons of 15 to 20 years, but were not cost-effective under time horizons of 5 to 10 years.


Both the PD and PD-TE were highly cost-effective from a Mexican health system perspective. Considering the economic impact of the diabetes epidemic and the widespread use of cellular technology in Mexico, implementation of PD-TE is warranted.


Todd Gilmer Jose Luis Burgos Maria Cecilia Anzaldo-Campos Adriana Vargas-Ojeda

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