Impact of Disparities in Reimbursement Rules Between Public and Private Sectors on Accessibility to Care in Moroccan Mandatory Health Insurance: A Cross-Sectional Study



Disparities in the reimbursement rules between the 2 funds that manage mandatory health insurance in Morocco could negatively affect the accessibility of insured persons to healthcare services and products.


The objective is to analyze the impact of these disparities on access to care and to assess the insured’s copayment difference between the 2 funds.


Healthcare utilization rates of the insured population in the 2 funds were analyzed by sector, sex, and age groups for 2014. We also looked at the percentage of copayment paid by the insured depending on the fund, methods of reimbursement, type of care, and nature of diseases. The analysis was based on data retrieved and aggregated at the National Agency for Health Insurance.


The healthcare utilization rate differs significantly between the 2 funds. It is higher for the insured in the public sector (45%) compared with those in the private sector (18.5%) (P .001, respectively]). The copayment percentage incurred by insured persons was 32.1% for employees in the public sector and 36.4% for employees in the private sector.


Differences in reimbursement rules between the 2 funds may be the cause of inequity in access to care between insured persons. This situation can jeopardize the objectives of a universal and equitable health insurance scheme.


Amine Cheikh Mustapha Bouatia Mohamed Rida Ajaja Naoufel El Malhouf Yahia Cherrah Redouane Abouqal Amine El Hassani

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