Long- and Short-Term Disability and Workers' Compensation Trends for Employees with Digestive System (Gastrointestinal) Conditions in the United States


Brook R1, Kleinman NL2, Beren I3
1Better Health Worldwide/NPRT/NASP, Newfoundland, NJ, USA, 2WorkPartners, LLC, Missouri City, TX, USA, 3WorkPartners, LLC, Denver, CO, USA

OBJECTIVES : Use objective data to compare patients’ all-cause short-term disability (STD), long-term disability (LTD) and workers' compensation (WC) utilization and explore changes from baseline for employees with gastrointestinal (digestive system) conditions.

METHODS : Employees with gastrointestinal medical-claims in the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality digestive system category were retrospectively identified in WorkPartners Research Reference Database(RRDb) from 2001—2019. Each year the analysis focused on the percent of patients with gastrointestinal-conditions, and by absence benefit, the percent of eligible employees utilizing the benefit, mean leave-length (days) and median payments as percent of salary (MedianPay). Disability+WC payments included lump-sum distributions and potentially extended beyond the year initially incurred. Workplace accidents were paid under the WC benefit. WC claims without absence from work (medical-only) were excluded. Sick leave claims may be taken for any reason and were excluded. All employees’ absences were aggregated based on the initiation-year. For each benefit, average leave-length and MedianPay were calculated and compared with baseline(2001).

RESULTS : At baseline (2001), 8.4% of employees had gastrointestinal conditions; of these, 12.4% filed STD-claims lasting 37.53 mean-days at 70.5% MedianPay, 0.5% filed LTD-claims lasting 194.27 mean-days at 19.6% MedianPay, and 1.5% filed WC-claims lasting 53.99 mean-days at 67.2% MedianPay. From 2002—2019, 7.1%—10.2% of employees had gastrointestinal conditions. Of these, 10.4%—16.5% of eligible employees filed STD claims lasting 80.8%—119.8% of baseline-days (BDs) and paying 68.6%—127.7% MedianPay; 0.6%—1.4% of eligible employees filed LTD claims lasting 61.2%—368.0% of BDs at 115.1%—305.7% MedianPay; 0.5%—1.5% of eligible employees filed WC claims lasting 128.1%—327.6% of BDs at 78.3%—175.6% MedianPay. MedianPay was highest in 2013(STD), 2002(LTD), and 2003(WC). Claims-lengths were longest in 2019(STD), and 2006(LTD) and 2010(WC).

CONCLUSIONS : Employees with gastrointestinal diseases used different absence benefits over time with varying leave lengths and payments as a percent of salary. Using a constant cost over time for all benefits is not accurate or appropriate.

Conference/Value in Health Info

2021-05, ISPOR 2021, Montreal, Canada

Value in Health, Volume 24, Issue 5, S1 (May 2021)




Economic Evaluation, Health Service Delivery & Process of Care, Real World Data & Information Systems

Topic Subcategory

Disease Management, Health & Insurance Records Systems, Work & Home Productivity - Indirect Costs


Gastrointestinal Disorders

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