Direct Medical Cost of Pediatric Asthma in Jordan: A Cost-of-Illness Retrospective Cohort Study

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to estimate and analyze the direct medical costs of pediatric patients with asthma in Jordan from the provider’s perspective.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of a cohort of pediatric patients with asthma treated during 3 years in a teaching hospital was conducted. The prevalence-based, bottom-up approach has been used to estimate the cost-of-illness of asthma. The total annual direct medical cost was stratified by control status and the severity of asthma.

Results

The total annual cost for whole the sample (N = 613) in the average of 3 years was Jordanian dinar (JD) 110 874 (US$ 156 382). Pediatrics with uncontrolled asthma had significantly higher annual total direct medical costs than partly controlled and controlled asthma (JD 396 [US$ 558], JD 258 [US$ 364], and JD 150 [US$ 211], respectively) (P .001). Medications were the most expensive healthcare resource used, accounting for 79.8% of the total cost, followed by outpatient clinic visits and hospitalizations.

Conclusions

Healthcare sources utilization and direct medical costs of asthma were highly related to disease severity and control status of the disease. Health policies targeting the achievement of better and stricter asthma control will play a crucial role in the reduction of the economic burden of asthma for society and the patient.

Authors

Qais Alefan Areen Nawasrah Basimah Almomani Eman T. Al-Issa

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