A review of new drug approvals (NDAs) by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for 2006 to 2015 showed that approximately 20% of new drugs had labeling based on patient-reported outcomes (PROs). The purpose of this study was to review labeling text based on PRO endpoints for NDAs from 2016 to 2020, with a special focus on the comprehensibility of such statements when included.
We reviewed drug approval reports on the Drugs@FDA web page of the FDA website to determine the number of NDAs from 2016 to 2020. For all identified NDAs, drug approval package and product labels were reviewed. NDAs from 2016 to 2020 were grouped by disease category as per International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision. Data were summarized for diseases that traditionally rely on PROs for evaluating treatment benefit (PRO dependent) and for diseases that traditionally do not rely on PROs (non-PRO dependent). Results were compared with NDAs from 2006 to 2010.
NDAs amounting to 228 were identified from 2016 to 2020, 26.3% of which had labeling statements based on PRO endpoints. From 2006 to 2015 and from 2016 to 2020, PRO labeling statements were included in 46.5% (46 of 99) and 50.0% (47 of 94), respectively, of NDAs for PRO-dependent new molecular entities and in 6.0% (12 of 199) and 9.7% (13 of 199), respectively, of NDAs for non–PRO-dependent new molecular entities. Comprehensibility of labeling statements based on PRO endpoints was judged to be complex in 56.7% of product labels.
The increase in labeling text based on PRO endpoints in product labels is encouraging. However, there is room for improvement on the comprehensibility of labeling statements based on PRO endpoints.
Ari Gnanasakthy Lindsey Norcross Carla (DeMuro) Romano Robyn T. Carson