Methods to Include Environmental Impacts in Health Economic Evaluations and Health Technology Assessments: A Scoping Review [Editor's Choice]

Jun 1, 2024, 00:00 AM
10.1016/j.jval.2024.02.019
https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/article/S1098-3015(24)00092-5/fulltext
Section Title : SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW
Section Order : 794
First Page : 794

Objectives

The environmental impacts of healthcare are important factors that should be considered during health technology assessments. This study aims to summarize the evidence that exists about methods to include environmental impacts in health economic evaluations and health technology assessments.

Methods

We identified records for screening using an existing scoping review and a systematic search of academic databases and gray literature up to September 2023. We screened the identified records for eligibility and extracted data using a narrative synthesis approach. The review was conducted following the JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis and reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews checklist.

Results

We identified 2898 records and assessed the full text of 114, of which 54 were included in this review. Ten methods were identified to include environmental impacts in health economic evaluations and health technology assessments. Methods included converting environmental impacts to dollars or disability-adjusted life years and including them in a cost-effectiveness, cost-utility, or cost-benefit analysis, calculating an incremental carbon footprint effectiveness ratio or incremental carbon footprint cost ratio, incorporating impacts as one criteria of a multi-criteria decision analysis, and freely considering impacts during health technology assessment deliberation processes.

Conclusions

Methods to include environmental impacts in health economic evaluations and health technology assessments exist but have not been tested for widespread use by health technology assessment agencies. Further research and implementation work is needed to determine which method can best aid decision makers to choose low environmental impact healthcare interventions.

https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/action/showCitFormats?pii=S1098-3015(24)00092-5&doi=10.1016/j.jval.2024.02.019
HEOR Topics :
  • Economic Evaluation
  • Health Technology Assessment
  • Literature Review & Synthesis
  • Novel & Social Elements of Value
  • Study Approaches
Tags :
  • economic evaluation
  • environmental impact
  • health technology assessment
  • healthcare sustainability
  • review
Regions :
  • Global