EQ-5D-5L Population Norms and Quality-Adjusted Life Expectancy by Sociodemographic Characteristics and Modifiable Risk Factors for Adults in Queensland, Australia

May 1, 2024, 00:00 AM
10.1016/j.jval.2024.02.007
https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/article/S1098-3015(24)00077-9/fulltext
Section Title : PREFERENCE-BASED ASSESSMENTS
Section Order : 633
First Page : 633

Objectives

Over half of Australia’s disease burden is due to morbidity, predominantly chronic conditions. Health-related quality of life instruments provide measures of morbidity and health status across different dimensions with EQ-5D being one of the most widely used. This study reports EQ-5D-5L general population norms for Queensland, Australia using the recently published Australian value set.

Methods

Population survey results from cross-sectional computer-assisted telephone interviews for Queensland adults in 2022 and 2023 were analyzed. EQ-5D-5L, as well as modifiable risk factors and sociodemographic data were collected. Using the recently published final Australian EQ-5D-5L value set, mean utility scores were calculated for Queensland, as well as by sociodemographic characteristics, including remoteness and socioeconomic area-based measures, and modifiable risk factors, such as smoking and body mass index. Results were combined with life tables to estimate quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) for subgroups with different lifestyles.

Results

The EQ-5D utility score for the Queensland adult population was 0.916. Smoking daily, being obese or older in age, or living in the most disadvantaged socioeconomic area were associated with lower mean scores. QALE was 6.1 and 7.9 years shorter than the life expectancy for Queensland males and females, respectively, but generally, those who reported having healthier lifestyles had higher mean utility scores and thus longer QALE.

Conclusions

In addition to reporting Queensland EQ-5D-5L general population norms, these results demonstrate potential QALE gains in people following healthier lifestyles. The results support investment in prevention and may motivate further studies in this important area.

https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/action/showCitFormats?pii=S1098-3015(24)00077-9&doi=10.1016/j.jval.2024.02.007
HEOR Topics :
  • Health State Utilities
  • Patient-Centered Research
  • Patient-reported Outcomes & Quality of Life Outcomes
  • Study Approaches
  • Surveys & Expert Panels
Tags :
  • Australia
  • EQ-5D
  • EuroQoL
  • health-related quality of life
  • modifiable risk factors
  • quality adjusted life expectancy
  • utility weights
Regions :
  • Asia Pacific (including Oceania)