The Healthcare Cost Burden of Asthma in Children: A Longitudinal Population-Based Study

Aug 1, 2023, 00:00 AM
Section Order : 1201
First Page : 1201


This study aimed to investigate the extent of healthcare cost increase at population level due to childhood asthma. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional relationship between asthma and healthcare costs among children aged 2 to 18 years and, in longitudinal analyses, whether costs increase with an increase in the duration of asthma prevalence.


Study participants are 4175 and 4482 children of birth and kindergarten cohorts from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children for whom the linked Medicare cost data are available. The children were followed in all waves from the year 2004 to 2018. Generalized linear models were used to estimate the excess healthcare costs associated with asthma. The sum of Medicare Benefits Schedule and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme costs constitutes the total healthcare costs.


Total excess healthcare costs associated with asthma among the 2- to 18-year-old children were A$4316 per child. At the population level, the estimated total excess Medicare costs associated with current asthma treatment among 2- to 18-year-old children were, on average, A$190.6 million per year (2018 population and price). Compared with the non-asthmatic children, peers with persistent asthma morbidity and treatment requirements had excess costs up to A$20 727 for the B cohort children until 14 years of age, whereas excess costs for the K cohort children were A$19 571 until 18 years of age.


Asthma in children imposes a significant financial burden on the public health system. Higher excess healthcare costs of all asthmatic children than the costs of nonasthmatic children provide further economic justification for promoting preventive efforts at early ages.
HEOR Topics :
  • Cost/Cost of Illness/Resource Use Studies
  • Economic Evaluation
  • Pediatrics
  • Respiratory-Related Disorders
  • Retrospective Databases: Electronic Medical and Health Records, Admin Claims
  • Specific Diseases & Conditions
  • Study Approaches
Tags :
  • asthma
  • children
  • generalized linear model
  • healthcare cost
  • Medicare Benefits Schedule
  • Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
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