Valuing the EQ Health and Wellbeing Short Using Time Trade-Off and a Discrete Choice Experiment: A Feasibility Study

Jul 1, 2023, 00:00 AM
Section Order : 1073
First Page : 1073


The EQ Health and Wellbeing Short (EQ-HWB-S) is a new generic measure that covers health and wellbeing developed for use in economic evaluation in health and social care. The aim was to test the feasibility of using composite time trade-off (cTTO) and a discrete choice experiment (DCE) based on an international protocol to derive utilities for the EQ-HWB-S and to generate a pilot value set.


A representative UK general population was recruited. Online videoconference interviews were undertaken where cTTO and DCE tasks were administered using EuroQol Portable Valuation Technology. Quality control (QC) was used to assess interviewers’ performance. Data were modeled using Tobit, probit, and hybrid models. Feasibility was assessed based on the distribution of data, participants, and reports of understanding from the interviewer, QC and modeling results.


cTTO and DCE data were available for 520 participants. Demographic characteristics were broadly representative of the UK general population. Interviewers met QC requirements. cTTO values ranged between −1 to 1 with increasing disutility associated with more severe states. Participants understood the tasks and the EQ-HWB-S states; and the interviewers reported high levels of understanding and engagement. The hybrid Tobit heteroscedastic model was selected for the pilot value set with values ranging from −0.384 to 1. Pain, mobility, daily activities, and sad/depressed had the largest disutilities, followed by loneliness, anxiety, exhaustion, control, and cognition in the selected model.


EQ-HWB-S can be valued using cTTO and DCE. Further methodological work is recommended to develop a valuation protocol specific to the EQ-HWB-S.
HEOR Topics :
  • Health State Utilities
  • Instrument Development, Validation, & Translation
  • Methodological & Statistical Research
  • Patient-Centered Research
  • Preference Methods
  • Study Approaches
  • Surveys & Expert Panels
Tags :
  • discrete choice experiment
  • EQ Health and Wellbeing Short
  • EQ-HWB-S
  • EuroQol Valuation Technology
  • time trade-off
Regions :
  • Western Europe