Using Time Trade-Off Values to Estimate EQ-5D-Y Value Sets: An Exploratory Study

Jul 1, 2023, 00:00 AM
Section Title : BRIEF REPORT
Section Order : 968
First Page : 968


The published international EQ-5D-Y-3L valuation protocol does not recommend the composite time trade-off (cTTO) method as the primary valuation method because of 2 major concerns. First, the cTTO method was shown to generate high values. Second, the cTTO method is not as feasible for valuing children’s health as other established methods. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of using cTTO values alone to estimate EQ-5D-Y-3L value sets.


We analyzed the cTTO data derived from the recently completed Chinese EQ-5D-Y-3L valuation study in which a total of 28 health states were valued. We assessed the feasibility of the cTTO tasks in terms of survey completion time and participant-reported difficulty of understanding the task, differentiating the health states, and deciding the answer. We also examined the data distribution characteristics and modeled the data using different models.


In total, 418 participants completed the cTTO interview. On average, participants took approximately 35.70 minutes (SD 12.42) to complete the interview and made 13.21 moves (SD 9.00) in the cTTO tasks. There were 74.16%, 59.33%, and 11.48% of participants indicated that it was easy to understand the cTTO tasks, easy to differentiate between the health states, and difficult to decide on an indifference point, respectively. The data distribution was smooth, and a random-effects model performed the best in terms of coefficient significance, monotonicity, and predictive accuracy.


Our finding suggests that estimating EQ-5D-Y-3L value sets using cTTO data alone is feasible and therefore could be considered as an option in future valuation studies for EQ-5D-Y-3L.
HEOR Topics :
  • Health State Utilities
  • Methodological & Statistical Research
  • Patient-Centered Research
  • Patient-reported Outcomes & Quality of Life Outcomes
  • PRO & Related Methods
  • Study Approaches
  • Surveys & Expert Panels
Tags :
  • composite time trade-off
  • EQ-5D-Y-3L
  • feasibility
  • value set
Regions :
  • Asia Pacific (including Oceania)