Quality-Adjusted Life Expectancy Norms for the English Population [Editor's Choice]

Feb 1, 2023, 00:00 AM
Section Title : BRIEF REPORT
Section Order : 163
First Page : 163


The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence in England has implemented severity-of-disease modifiers that give greater weight to health benefits accruing to patients who experience a larger shortfall in quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) under current standard of care than healthy individuals. This requires an estimate of quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE) of the general population based on age and sex. Previous QALE population norms are based on nearly 30-year-old assessments of health-related quality of life in the general population. This study provides updated QALE estimates for the English population based on age and sex.


5-level version of EQ-5D data for 14 412 participants from the Health Survey for England (waves 2017 and 2018) were pooled, and health-related quality of life population norms were calculated. These norms were combined with official life tables from the Office for National Statistics for 2017 to 2019 using the Sullivan method to derive QALE estimates based on age and sex. Values were discounted using 0%, 1.5%, and 3.5% discount rates.


QALE at birth is 68.24 QALYs for men and 68.21 QALYs for women. These values are significantly lower than previously published QALE population norms based on the older 3-level version of EQ-5D data.


This study provides new QALE population norms for England that serve to establish absolute and relative QALY shortfalls for the purpose of health technology assessments.

HEOR Topics :
  • Epidemiology & Public Health
  • Patient-Centered Research
  • Patient-reported Outcomes & Quality of Life Outcomes
  • Public Health
  • Study Approaches
  • Surveys & Expert Panels
Tags :
  • absolute shortfall
  • EQ-5D
  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
  • population health
  • proportional shortfall
  • quality-adjusted life expectancy
  • quality-adjusted life-year shortfall
Regions :
  • Western Europe