The Evolving Nature of Health Technology Assessment: A Critical Appraisal of NICE’s New Methods Manual [Editor's Choice]

Oct 1, 2023, 00:00 AM
10.1016/j.jval.2023.05.015
https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/article/S1098-3015(23)02617-7/fulltext
Section Title : METHODOLOGY
Section Order : 1503
First Page : 1503

Objectives

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently completed a review of its methods for health technology assessment, involving a 2-stage public consultation. We appraise proposed methodological changes and analyze key decisions.

Methods

We categorize all changes proposed in the first consultation as “critical,” “moderate” or “limited” updates, considering the importance of the topic and the degree of change or the level of reinforcement. Proposals were followed through the review process, for their inclusion, exclusion, or amendment in the second consultation and the new manual.

Results

The end-of-life value modifier was replaced with a new “disease severity” modifier and other potential modifiers were rejected. The usefulness of a comprehensive evidence base was emphasized, clarifying when nonrandomized studies can be used, with further guidance on “real-world” evidence developed separately. A greater degree of uncertainty was accepted in circumstances when evidence generation raised challenges, in particular for children, rare diseases, and innovative technologies. For some topics, such as health inequality, discounting, unrelated healthcare costs, and value of information, significant changes were possibly warranted, but NICE decided not to make any revisions at present.

Conclusion

Most of the changes to NICE’s health technology assessment methods are appropriate and modest in impact. Nevertheless, some decisions were not well justified and further research is needed on several topics, including investigation of societal preferences. Ultimately, NICE’s role of protecting National Health Services resources for valuable interventions that can contribute toward improving overall population health must be safeguarded, without accepting weaker evidence.

https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com/action/showCitFormats?pii=S1098-3015(23)02617-7&doi=10.1016/j.jval.2023.05.015
HEOR Topics :
  • Decision & Deliberative Processes
  • Health Technology Assessment
  • Systems & Structure
Tags :
  • economic evaluation
  • health technology assessment (HTA)
  • methods development
  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)
  • NHS England
  • technology evaluation
Regions :
  • Western Europe