How Should the World Pay for a Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Vaccine? [Editor's Choice]

May 1, 2021, 00:00 AM
Section Title : THEMED SECTION: COVID-19
Section Order : 625
First Page : 625

The potential health and economic value of a vaccine for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is self-evident given nearly 2 million deaths, “collateral” loss of life as other conditions go untreated, and massive economic damage. Results from the first licensed products are very encouraging; however, there are important reasons why we will likely need second and third generation vaccines. Dedicated incentives and funding focused explicitly on nurturing and advancing competing second and third generation vaccines are essential. This article proposes a collaborative, market-based financing mechanism for the world to incentivize and pay for the development of, and provide equitable access to, second and third generation COVID-19 vaccines. Specifically, we propose consideration of a Benefit-Based Advance Market Commitment (BBAMC). The BBAMC uses health technology assessment to determine value-based prices to guarantee overall market revenues, not revenue for any specific product or company. The poorest countries would not pay a value-based price but a discounted “tail-price.” Innovators must agree to supply them at this tail price or to facilitate technology transfer to local licensees at low or zero cost to enable them to supply at this price. We expect these purchases to be paid for in full or large part by global donors. The BBAMC therefore sets prices in relation to value, protects intellectual property rights, encourages competition, and ensures all populations get access to vaccines, subject to agreed priority allocation rules.
HEOR Topics :
  • Epidemiology & Public Health
  • Infectious Disease
  • Respiratory-Related Disorders
  • Specialized Treatment Areas
  • Specific Diseases & Conditions
  • Vaccines
Tags :
  • Advance Market Commitment
  • COVID-19
  • global health
  • vaccines
  • value-based pricing
Regions :