Lieven Annemans is Professor of Health Economics at the Medical Faculty of Ghent University, Belgium. He is also Associate Partner of the consultancy company Vintura. He has 20 years of experience in health economic research in more than 20 countries and has published over 300 publications on health economic evaluations for medicines, devices, and diagnostics. Lieven was advisor to the Belgian Minister of Health from 2001 to 2003, President of the Flemish Health Council from 2003 to 2009, and President of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) from 2004-2005. He has also authored books on health economic evaluations (health economics for non-economists) and on the future of health care systems. He provides international lectures, trainings, and advice on health economics, health care systems, and health technology assessment (HTA).