Marc L. Berger, MD, is a semi-retired, part-time consultant. Until July 2017, he was Vice President, Real World Data and Analytics at Pfizer, Inc. Marc has held senior-level positions in industry, including Executive Vice President and Senior Scientist at OptumInsight; Vice President, Global Health Outcomes at Eli Lilly and Company; and Vice President, Outcomes Research and Management at Merck & Co., Inc. He currently serves as advisor to several companies, including SHYFT Analytics. Additionally, Marc contributes to ongoing efforts by ISPOR and the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy to recommend how real-world evidence can be produced to enhance and expand its usefulness for regulatory agencies and other healthcare authorities. Marc has written or cowritten more than 130 peer-reviewed articles, book chapters, and other publications on a range of topics, including health services research, outcomes research, health economics, and health policy.