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Health Economic Evaluation Publication Guidelines (CHEERS): Good Reporting Practices

Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS)—Explanation and Elaboration: A Report of the ISPOR Health Economic Evaluation Publication Guidelines Good Reporting Practices Task Force

The citation for the CHEERS Task Force Report is:
Husereau D, Drummond M, Petrou S, et al. Consolidated health economic evaluation reporting standards (CHEERS)—Explanation and elaboration: A report of the ISPOR health economic evaluations publication guidelines good reporting practices task force. Value Health 2013;16:231-50.

Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) Statement

The citation for the CHEERS Statement is:
Husereau D, Drummond M, Petrou S, Carswell C, Moher D, Greenberg D, Augustovski F, Briggs AH, Mauskopf J, Loder E, on behalf of the CHEERS Task Force. Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement. [To complete this citation, insert journal name and issue information from list of journals endorsing and publishing the CHEERS Statement]

Editorial: Improving the Quality of Papers Published in Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research

Michael F. Drummond, PhD, Centre for Health Economics, University of York, Heslington, York, UK and C. Daniel Mullins, PhD, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD, USA

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The CHEERS Statement has been endorsed and published by the following 10 publications:

BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2013;120(6):765-770 
BMC Medicine 2013;11:80
BMJ 2013;346:f1049
Clinical Therapeutics 2013;35(4):356-363
Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013;11(1):6 
The European Journal of Health Economics 2013;14(3):367-372
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 2013;29(2):117-122
Journal of Medical Economics 2013;16(6):713-719
Pharmacoeconomics 2013;31(5):361-367
Value Health 2013; 16(2):e1-5

Other Journals Endorsing CHEERS
British Journal of Psychiatry (2013;202(4):318 )
Applied Health Economics and Health Policy

CHEERS Checklist

CHEERS Presentations
ISPOR Educational Webinar – Friday, June 27, 2014 at 12:00 PM EST
International Society for Medical Publications Professionals University, Webinar, May 2014
ISPOR Colombia Regional Chapter, Bogotá D.C., CO, November 2013
International Health Economics Association 9th World Congress on Health Economics, Sydney, AU, July 2013
ISPOR 18th Annual International Meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA, May 2013
European Medical Writers Association 36th Conference, Manchester, UK, May 2013ISPOR New Zealand Regional Chapter, Sydney, Australia, April 2013
International Society for Medical Publications Professionals, Baltimore, MD, USA, April 2013

CHEERS Teaching Resources
CHEERS Checklist & Task Force Slide Deck

Delphi Panel Members

Task Force Chair:
Don Husereau, BScPharm, MSc
, Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Medicine at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada and Senior Scientist, University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Tirol, Austria

Leadership Team:
Journal Editors
Andrew H. Briggs, MSc (York), MSc (Oxon), DPhil (Oxon), Associate Editor, Medical Decision Making; Co-Editor, Health Economics; William R Lindsay Chair of Health Economics, Health Economics & Health Technology Assessment, Institute of Health & Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
Chris Carswell MSc,
Editor, Pharmacoeconomics, Auckland, New Zealand
Michael Drummond, PhD, Co-Editor-in-Chief, Value in Health; Professor of Health Economics, Centre for Health Economics, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
Elizabeth Loder, MD, MPH, Clinical Epidemiology Editor, British Medical Journal;  Chief, Division of Headache and Pain, Brigham and Women's/Faulkner Neurology, Faulkner Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

Content Experts
Federico Augustovski MD, MSc, PhD, Director, Health Economic Evaluation and Technology Assessment, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS);  Professor of Public Health, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dan Greenberg, PhD, Associate Professor and Chairman, Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Co-editor, Value in Health
Josephine Mauskopf, PhD, Vice President of Health Economics, RTI Health Solutions, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
David Moher, PhD, Senior Scientist, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute,
Ottawa, ON, Canada
Stavros Petrou, PhD, MPhil, Professor of Health Economics, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK

Under its mandate to examine issues in quality improvement of cost-effectiveness research, the ISPOR Quality Improvement in Cost-Effectiveness Research Task Force ( recommended that the Society help make guidelines available to authors and reviewers in order to support the quality, consistency, and transparency of health economic and outcomes research reporting in the biomedical literature.

In response, the concept for this Task Force arose from the results of a survey of medical journal editors (through the World Association of Medical Editors,  The survey revealed that the vast majority of respondents (either submitting authors or reviewers) used no guidelines, requirements or checklists for health economics or outcomes research. Most respondents also indicated that they would be happy to incorporate guidelines if they were made available by a creditable professional HEOR organization.

Although there are a number of different health economic guidelines and checklists already available in the public domain for conduct and reporting of HEOR, they are not widely used in biomedical publishing.  However, there appears to be fairly broad consensus among all of these available recommendations and guidelines, as well as stability of content for several years with regard to reporting of HEOR.

We would also like to thank the reviewers for their valuable contribution to this consensus ISPOR Good Practices Report.
Comments on draft report

ISPOR Good Research Practices Index