Pharmacoeconomic Guidelines Around The World
Pharmacoeconomic evaluation is an analytical tool used with increasing
frequency to assist decision making in the financing and management of
pharmaceutical products in the health care system or national health
insurance programs of an individual country. Pharmacoeconomic (PE)
guidelines can be used as a standard for preparation of studies to be
included in application for reimbursement, a guide for designing and conducting a study, or a template for evaluating the economic study reports.
This section of the ISPOR website, “Pharmacoeconomic Guidelines Around the
World” provides the following:
A comparative table
guideline key features. The key features of the guidelines are: 1) type,
2) title and year of the document, 3) affiliation of authors, 4) main
policy objective, 5) standard reporting format included, 6) disclosure
of funding/ author’s interests, 7) target audience, 8) perspective, 9)
indication, 10) target population, 11) subgroup analysis, 12) choice of
comparator, 13) time horizon, 14) assumptions required, 15) preferred
analytical technique, 16) costs to be included, 17) source of costs, 18)
modeling, 19) systematic review of evidences, 20) preference for
effectiveness over efficacy, 21) preferred outcome measure, 22)
preferred method to derive utility, 23) Equity issue stated, 24)
discounting costs, 25) discounting outcomes, 26) sensitivity analysis-
parameters and range, 27) sensitivity analysis- methods, 28) presenting
results, 29) incremental analysis, 30) total C/E, 31) portability of
results (generalizability), 32) financial impact analysis, and 33) Mandatory or recommended or voluntary
- Country-specific guidelines
key features (33) as well as hyperlinks or full text of the guideline (as
copyright permission allows) or publication reference including a map of
The information presented below is currently updated by ISPOR staff and the ISPOR Regional Chapters. As a reference for the development and quality assurance of this information, please see: Health Care System Information Sharing. The reference citation is: Eldessouki R, Smith MD, Health Care System Information Sharing: A Step Toward Better Health Globally. Value Health Regional Issues 2012; 1:118-129
Guidelines listed are dated based on the publication date of the document and categorized as follows:
||Published PE Recommendations: they are country-specific economic evaluation guidelines or recommendations published by experts in the field but are not “officially” recognized or required by the healthcare decision making bodies/entities in this country/region for reimbursement.
||PE Guidelines: they are country-specific “official” guidelines or policies concerning economic evaluation that are recognized or required by the healthcare decision making bodies/entities in this country/region for reimbursement.
||Submission Guidelines: they are country-specific “official” guidelines or policies concerning drug submission requirements with an economic evaluation part/section and are required by the healthcare decision making bodies/entities in this country/region for reimbursement.
COUNTRY-SPECIFIC PHARMACOECONOMIC GUIDELINES
If you would like your country’s pharmacoeconomics guidelines at the ISPOR
website or have comments concerning this section of the ISPOR website, email
your request to PEguidelines@ispor.org.